ContextIn Haiti, Malongo assists the street children of Port-au-Prince.

 

Key data

  • Haiti is the poorest country in the northern hemisphere
  • 50% of the population is aged under 15
  • Unemployment is approximately 60%
  • 60% of families are single-parent units
  • Port-au-Prince has 2 million inhabitants, including several thousand homeless and shelterless children aged between 7 and 18.
  • 30% of street children are girls; 80% of these girls use prostitution to survive.
  • The mean age of these "mini-prostitutes" is 12.
  • Drugs are often taken.

Towns

The rural exodus led to serious upset within families, whose social values are traditionally based on land and the family unit. The main victims of this exodus are children living either with their mothers in precarious conditions, or with adoptive families, who exploit them, or in the streets. Traditional lakous (rural family-based living arrangements) have been replaced with shanty towns; the formerly poor are now facing misery.

Children

With no real family to take them in, children form small groups and obey the laws of cartels. They live wild in a violent and repressive environment, surviving on theft, leftovers, quick jobs and prostitution, and sleep in the street.