Fifteen times larger than France and Belgium put together, the volcanic soil produces many types of coffees: Victoria, Parana, Rio, Santos and Bahia. Malongo selects the best beans, the Sul de Minas from the rich and deep Terra roxa.
Renowned for the mellowness of its coffee. One of the 12 leading producers of coffee in the world, production dropped substantially in the 1990s. In 1997, Malongo and the singer Wes – the coffee growing Griot – reboosted the country.
Volcanic soil, a wet tropical climate, plantations shaded by banana trees, and sometimes at very high altitudes – 1200 m –: a dream country for fine, smooth and slightly sour coffee. This is the leading producer of washed coffee.
Volcanic soil, an equatorial climate where irrigation is not required, self-shaded plantations up to an altitude of 1600 m.: conditions are particularly good for Arabica coffees such as Mondo Nuevo and Villa Sarchi.
Ranked third international coffee producer for almost thirty years, production dropped substantially in the 1990s. The country currently ranks seventh internationally for coffee, and number one for cacao.
Arabica coffees benefit from a highly fertile volcanic soil under a hot-to-warm climate with no irrigation required. Plantations are often in the shade and can be located at altitudes up to 2000 m.
Crossed by the Andes mountain range, this country filled with high-altitude active volcanoes has excellent conditions for coffee growing. Coffee plantations exist in the south and on the coast, between the ocean and the Andes. High temperatures and heavy rain prevail all year long.
The country of Moka. Did the Queen of Sheba drink coffee in Abyssinia? Did Ulysses drink the coffee of Ethiopia? The land of high plateaus, one of the birth places of humanity, where the Australopithecus Lucy lived 3 million years ago, is the oldest independent nation in Africa, the tenth in terms of surface area, and the 2nd in terms of population. The country has a young, cosmopolitan and rural population.
The land of the Mayas - one official language and 23 indigenous languages - the mountain has the last word, except along the Caribbean and Pacific coasts. Extreme temperatures, a tropical climate and volcanic ash soil: ideal for Antigua Logo Azul and Blue Volcan, grown by the American Indians.
Earthquakes, flooding, hurricanes: this tough country, known as Depths (honduras in Spanish) by Christopher Columbus, offers rich volcanic soil for coffee. 80% of farms have less than 10 hectares and are regrouped into cooperatives.
Imported into Yemen in the 17th century by Baba Budan, a Muslim pilgrim, coffee is in full boom: India was the leading international producer in the 19th century. Hemileia vastatrix ravaged 80% of plantations in 1889.
The tiny plantations on the windy and volcanic plateaus of the island of Java produce a legendary coffee: Blue Tawar. In Papua, Blue Mountain imported from Jamaica in 1930 grows in the shade of the equatorial forest! Simply marvellous.
Arabica Typica now known as Blue Mountain: the best coffee in the world arrived from Martinique in 1728. Tormented terrain, eroded volcanic soil and high temperatures and altitude: conditions are just right for coffee, although tough for the farmers!
Arabica Bourbon or Kent: imported from Ethiopia in the 19th century by the Congregation of the Holy Spirit. This coffee is right at home at an altitude of 1500 - 2000 metres, on a volcanic soil undergoing laterisation, in an equatorial climate dominated by monsoons and the trade winds.
The fauna and flora on this marvellous island are unique on this planet as a result of biogeographic isolation and the varying climate and terrain; this surprising geological and ecological monument with its endemic species – such as the famous lemurs - is now seriously threatened.
Coffee trees grow ad hoc in the mountains fertilised by volcanic extrusions in the shade of the tropical forest. This terrain full of stark contrast is a classic example of quality variations for coffee plantations. The best coffees grow in Istmo.
Arabica Typica and Bourbon reveal the subtlety of their fine and discrete taste right here. They grow in this highly fertile volcanic earth. Watered by very - sometimes excessively - abundant rain, the trees are traditionally grown at an altitude of between 650 and 1000 m.
At the heart of Africa and its great lakes, to the north of Lake Victoria, on the equator, this plateau surrounded with mountains enjoys a warm climate. To the south, near to the lakes, coffee growing is promoted by abundant rain and moderate temperatures.
The land of the Incas, with a wide range of soil types. Coffee was introduced in the 18th century and is grown using traditional methods in the north, and using modern methods in the centre. The equatorial climate and altitude of the slopes of the Andes encourage healthy plantations.
7,107 islands! The Philippine archipelago is a specific producer. To the east of the sea of China, to the south of Taiwan, its humid tropical climate and unvarying temperatures are ideal for coffee plantations, despite the catastrophes caused by the annual typhoons and tropical storms.
In the north of this country, at an altitude of between 1500 and 1800 m, coffee trees are right at home in this equatorial climate and acid soil. Arabica Typica was introduced in 1730 by Spanish missionaries, in the form of Arabica Criollo from Brazil: farms cover 1 hectare and produce the best coffee in Central America.
Right on the tip of the Indochinese peninsula, its mountains and high plateaus offset the effects of the humid subtropical climate in the north of the country. Differences in latitude, and varying terrain mean that climatic conditions vary widely between the different regions and can often be tough.